German Grammar (Adjectives and Food)

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German Vocabulary

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German Grammar

This second lesson teaches many important aspect in German like adjectives, vocabulary list about food and finally common phrases about greeting. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, Contact us from the page German Classes.


Knowing adjectives in German is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some key words such as “good”, “bad”, “right”, “wrong” etc. Adjectives are words used to describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence for example: I am happy. German is easy.

Below is a list of 20 adjectives that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, German, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Adjectives List in German

Adjectives German Audio
Tall groß
Short kurz
Big groß
Wide breit
Long lang
Small klein
Thick dick
Thin dünn
New neu
Old (opposite of new) alt
Cheap preiswert
Expensive teuer
Young jung
Old (opposite of young) alt
Wrong falsch
Right (correct) richtig
Good gut
Bad schlecht
Difficult schwierig
Easy leicht

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full German sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

German Adjectives in a Sentence

English German Audio
Am I right or wrong? Hab ich Recht oder Unrecht?
Is he younger or older than you? Ist er jünger oder älter als du?
Is the test easy or difficult? Ist der Test leicht oder schwer?
Is this book new or old? Ist das ein neues oder altes Buch?
This is so expensive Dies ist sehr teuer


If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please German contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Food

Below is a list of 50 words related to food such as fruits, vegetables and edible items. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or off the menu in a restaurant without a problem.

Food List in German

Food German Audio
Breakfast Frühstück
Lunch Mittagessen
Dinner Abendessen
Meal Mahlzeit
Apples Äpfel
Avocados Avocados
Bananas Bananen
Beans Bohnen
Bread Brot
Butter Butter
Carrots Karotten
Cheese Käse
Chicken Huhn
Coffee Kaffee
Corn Mais
Cucumbers Salatgurke
Eggs Eier
Figs Feigen
Fish Fisch
Food Essen
Fruit Obst
Garlic Knoblauch
Grapes Weintrauben
Ice cream Eis, Eiskrem
Lemons Zitronen
Lettuce Kopfsalat
Meat Fleisch
Milk Milch
Olives Oliven
Onions Zwiebeln
Orange juice Orangensaft
Oranges Orangen
Peaches Pfirsich
Pears Birnen
Peppers Paprikas
Pineapples Ananas
Pizza Pizza
Potatoes Kartoffeln
Pumpkin Kürbis
Salad Salat
Salt Salz
Sandwich Sandwich, Butterbrot
Soda (like Coke) Coca-Cola
Strawberries Erdbeeren
Sugar Zucker
Tea Tee
Tomatoes Tomaten
Vegetables Gemüse
Water Wasser
Watermelon Wassermelonen


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Daily Conversation in German

Finally, a list of sentences If you simply want to ask a question, please vocabulary used in this lesson plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our German Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in German

English German Audio
Are you thirsty? Hast du Durst? / Bist du durstig?
I’m hungry Ich habe Hunger / Ich bin hungrig
Do you have a bottle of water? Hast Du eine Flasche Wasser?
Breakfast is ready Das Frühstück ist fertig
What kind of food do you like? Welches Essen mögen Sie?
I like cheese Ich mag Käse
Bananas taste sweet Bananen sind süß
I don’t like cucumber Ich mag keine Gurken
I like bananas Ich mag Bananen
Lemons taste sour Zitronen sind sauer
This fruit is delicious Dieses Obst schmeckt sehr gut
Vegetables are healthy Gemüse ist gesund
Hi! Hallo! / Guten Tag!
Good morning! Guten Morgen!
Good afternoon! Guten Nachmittag!
Good evening! Guten Abend!
Welcome! Willkommen! / Herzliches Willkommen!
How are you? (informal) Wie gehts?
How are you? (formal) Wie geht es Ihnen?
What’s up? (colloquial) Was ist los?
I’m fine, thank you! Mir geht’s gut, danke!
And you? (informal) Und dir?
And you? (formal) Und Ihnen?
Good gut

Fun Facts

Language Quote that a palindrome is a word, phrase, number, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward or forward. Allowances may be made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers.

Congratulations! You finished your second lesson in German about adjectives, and food. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend German Lesson 3. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn German homepage.

German Lessons

German Vocabulary

German Phrases

German Grammar