German Grammar (Past Tense & Colors)

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German Vocabulary

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German Grammar

This 14th lesson deals with the past tense in German. In addition I included a vocabulary list about colors, as well as some basic phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, Contact us from the page German Classes.


The past is one of the 3 tenses (present, past, and future) we will be discussing in the next 3 lessons. So it is recommended not to skip any of them because they are all related.

Below is a list of 15 sentences conjugated into the past tense. I focused on the examples you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, German, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Past Tense in German

Past German Audio
I saw you ich hab dich gesehen
I wrote with a pen ich hab mit einem Stift geschrieben
You loved apples du hast Äpfel geliebt
You gave money du hast Geld gegeben
You played tennis du hast Tennis gespielt
He read (past tense) a book Er las ein Buch
He understood me Er verstand mich
She had a cat Sie hatte eine Katze
She knew my friend Sie kannte meinen Freund
We wanted to learn Wir wollten lernen
We thought Spanish is easy Wir dachten, Spanisch ist einfach
You (plural) worked here Ihr arbeitetet hier
You (plural) spoke French Ihr spracht Französisch
They drove a car Sie fuhren ein Auto
They smiled Sie lächelten


If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please German contact form on the header above.

List of Colors in German

Below is a list of 18 words and expressions related to colors.

Colors in German

Colors German Audio
Black schwarz
Blue blau
Brown braun
Colors Farben
Dark color dunkle Farbe
Gray grau
Green grün
Light color helle Farbe
Orange orange
Red rot
White weiß
Yellow gelb


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Daily Conversation in German

Finally, here are some common sentences to strengthen your conversation skills. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our German Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in German

English German Audio
Black is his favorite color Schwarz ist seine Lieblingsfarbe
I have black hair Ich habe schwarzes Haar
Red is not his favorite color Rot ist nicht seine Lieblingsfarbe
She drives a yellow car Sie fährt ein gelbes Auto
The sky is blue Der Himmel ist blau
Your cat is white Ihre / Eure / Deine Katze ist weiss.
I enjoyed myself very much Ich hatte viel Spaß
I agree with you Ich stimme dir zu
Are you sure? Sind Sie sicher?
Be careful! Achtung!
Cheers! Prost!
Would you like to go for a walk? Möchten Sie spazierengehen?

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝To have another language is to possess a second soul.❞ ‒Charlemagne

Congratulations! You finished your 14th lesson in German about the past tense, and a vocabulary list about colors. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend German Lesson 15. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn German homepage.

German Lessons

German Vocabulary

German Phrases

German Grammar