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German Grammar (Plural and Languages)

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German Lessons

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German Grammar

The 3rd lesson is about the plural in German and how to create it from the singular form. In addition, I will include a list of vocabulary about languages, nationalities, and countries. Finally, you will find some common everyday sentences. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, Contact us from the page German Classes.

Plural

Knowing how to create the plural from the singular word can double the vocabulary you already know. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some grammatical rules. For example how to change the word “book” to “books” or “woman” to “women”.

Below is a list of singular words and their plural equivalent. I included examples about nature as well as about humans. The table contains 3 columns (English, German, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Singular vs. Plural in German

English German Audio
Country Land
Countries Länder
Lake See
Lakes Seen
Language Sprache
Languages Sprachen
Woman Frau
Women Frauen
Man Mann
Men Männer
Boy Junge
Boys Jungen
Girl Mädchen
Girls Mädchen

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full German sentences. That way you will be able to see how both forms are used when embedded in a structure.

Singular vs. Plural in a Sentence

English German Audio
We speak two languages Wir sprechen zwei Sprachen
They speak four languages Sie sprechen vier Sprachen
I visited one country Ich habe ein Land bereist
She visited three countries Sie hat drei Länder bereist
She has one sister Sie hat eine Schwester
He has two sisters Er hat zwei Schwestern

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please German contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Languages, Nationalities, and Countries

Below is a list of 50 words related to languages, nationalities, and countries. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to have a good conversation about how many languages you speak or where you came from.

Languages Nationalities and Countries List in German

English German Audio
Arabic (language) Arabisch
Moroccan (nationality) Marokkaner / Marokkanerin
Morocco (country) Marokko
Brazilian (language) Brasilianisch
Brazilian (nationality) Brasilianer / Brasilianerin
Brazil (country) Brasilien
Chinese (language) Chinesisch
Chinese (nationality) Chinese / Chinesin
China (country) China
English (language) Englisch
British (nationality) Briten
Britain (country) Britannien
American (nationality) Amerikaner / Amerikanerin
America (country) Amerika
French (language) Französisch
French (nationality) Franzosen
France (country) Frankreich
German (language) Deutsch
German (nationality) Deutsche
Germany (country) Deutschland
Greek (language) Griechisch
Greek (nationality) Grieche / Griechin
Greece (country) Griechenland
Hindi (language) Hindi
Indian (nationality) Inder
India (country) Indien
Irish (language) irisch
Irish (nationality) Ire/Irin
Ireland (country) Irland
Italian (language) Italienisch
Italian (nationality) Italiener / Italienerin
Italy (country) Italien
Japanese (language) Japanisch
Japanese (nationality) Japaner / Japanerin
Japan (country) Japan
Korean (language) Koreanisch
Korean (nationality) Koreaner / Koreanerin
Korea (country) Korea
Persian (language) Persisch
Iranian (nationality) Iraner / Iranerin
Iran (country) Iran
Portuguese (language) Portugiesisch
Portuguese (nationality) Portugiese / Portugiesin
Portugal (country) Portugal
Russian (language) Russisch
Russian (nationality) Russe / Russin
Russia (country) Russland
Spanish (language) Spanisch
Spanish (nationality) Spanier/Spanierin
Spain (country) Spanien

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Daily Conversation in German

Finally, a list of sentences about languages, nationalities, and countries plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our German Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in German

English German Audio
Languages
I don’t speak Korean Ich spreche kein Koreanisch
I love the Japanese language Ich liebe die japanische Sprache
I speak Italian Ich spreche Italienisch
I want to learn Spanish Ich möchte Spanisch lernen.
My mother tongue is German Meine Muttersprache ist Deutsch
Spanish is easy to learn Spanisch ist leicht zu lernen
Origins
He has a Moroccan rug Er hat einen marokkanischen Teppich
I have an American car Ich habe ein amerikanisches Auto
I love French cheese Ich liebe französischen Käse
I’m Italian Ich bin Italiener / Ich bin Italienerin
My father is Greek Mein Vater ist Grieche
My wife is Korean Meine Ehefrau ist Koreanerin
Countries
Have you ever been to India? Waren Sie schonmal in Indien?
I came from Spain Ich kam aus Spanien
I live in America Ich lebe in Amerika
I want to go to Germany Ich möchte nach Deutschland
I was born in Italy Ich wurde in Italien geboren
Japan is a beautiful country Japan ist ein schönes Land
Phrases
Long time no see Lange nicht gesehen
I missed you Ich habe dich vermisst
What’s new? Was gibt’s Neues?
Nothing new Nichts Neues
Make yourself at home! Fühlen Sie sich wie zu Hause.
Have a good trip Gute Reise

Fun Facts

Language Quote that by simply knowing how to form the plural, you can double the number of nouns in your vocabulary, without having to memorize all the plural form.

Congratulations! You finished your third lesson in German about singular, plural, languages, nationalities, and countries. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend German Lesson 4. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn German homepage.

Lessons
German Lessons

Linguistic
German Vocabulary

Culture
German Phrases

Structure
German Grammar