German Grammar (Script and Pronunciation)

German Lessons

German Vocabulary

German Phrases

German Grammar

This first lesson teaches the alphabet in German. This includes the script and pronunciation. If you stay with me from start to finish, I promise you that you will learn a lot. I will try to give examples using both words and sound. That way it will be easy for you to see the letters when they are separate and when they are in a word. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, Contact us from the page German Classes.


The alphabet is the building block of the German language. Usually it is the first thing a person should start learning, because without it, you can neither read nor write. This means that the following 30 min are going to be the most important in your learning quest. The German alphabet contains 26 letters just like English but contains 4 unofficial extra letters (ä, ö, ö and ß).

Below is the German alphabet in a table containing 3 columns: The sound of the German letters, the alphabet, examples which include the letter at the beginning, middle and at the end.

Alphabet in German

Sound Alphabet Examples


Alaska, Maria, Panama


Bravo, Alabama, Lab


Canada, Cicilia


David, Granada, Ted


Emma, Ted

f (sounds like v)

Vatican, Bravo


Golf, Gym, Logo


Hi, Bahamas, Mitzvah


Iglo, mini

j (sounds like y)

Yoyo, okay


Kiwi, Okay, Mark


Laura, Claudia, Brazil


Maria, Amsterdam


New York, Anita, John


Okay, Hotel, Paulo


Panama, Filipa, Top


Qatar, Iraq


Robert, Portugal, Qatar

s (sounds like z)

Zulu, Amazon, Jazz


Taiwan, Ontario, Janet


Uzbekistan, Lulu

v (sounds like f)

Franco, Cafe, Ralf


Wow, Hawaii


Xray, Alexandria, Alex


Yoyo, okay

z (sounds like s)

Sam, Eskimo, Paris

ä (sounds like e)

Emma, Ted

ö (sounds like oo)

ü (sounds like uu)

Uzbekistan, Lulu

ß (sounds like ss)

Sam, Eskimo, Paris


If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please German contact form on the header above.

The following is a table showing common sentences. We recommend for you to click on the audio of each expression to hear how it is pronounced. That way you will be able to familiarize yourself with the German alphabet.

Pronunciation in German

Pronunciation German Audio
In The Morning am Morgen
In the evening am Abend
At Night bei Nacht
Really! Wirklich!
Look! Sieh!
Hurry up! Beeile dich!
Some languages are hard Einige Sprachen sind schwer
Many students speak Korean Viele Schüler sprechen Koreanisch
How old is your sister? Wie alt ist deine Schwester?
I love my husband Ich liebe meinen Ehemann
This is my wife Dies ist meine Ehefrau
What’s your brother called? Wie heisst dein Bruder?
Where does your father work? Wo kommt dein Vater zu arbeiten?
Your daughter is very cute Deine Tochter ist sehr hübsch
What time is it? Wie Uhr ist es?
It’s 10 o’clock Es ist 10.00 Uhr
Give me this! Gibt mir das!
I love you Ich liebe dich
Are you free tomorrow evening? Bist du frei morgen Abend?
I would like to invite you for dinner Ich möchte du zum Abendessen einladen
Are you married? Bist du verheiratet?
I’m single Ich bin ledig
Would you marry me? Willst du mich heiraten?
Can I have your phone number? Kann ich deine Telefonnummer haben?
Can I have your email? Kann ich deine E-mail haben?
Are you okay? Geht es?
Call a doctor! Ruf einen Arzt!
Call the ambulance! Ruf einen Krankenwagen
Call the police! Ruf die Polizei
Calm down! Beruhigen Sie sich!
Fire! Feuer!
I feel sick Mir ist schlecht
It hurts here Es tut weh, hier
It’s urgent! Es ist dringend!
Stop! Halt!
Thief! Dieb!
Where is the closest pharmacy? Wo ist die nächste Apotheke?


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Fun Facts

Language Quote ❝If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his own language, that goes to his heart.❞ ‒Nelson Mandela

Congratulations! You finished your first alphabet lesson in German. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend German Lesson 2. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn German homepage.

German Lessons

German Vocabulary

German Phrases

German Grammar