Learn phrases (Past tense 1) in Swedish with audio

Learn phrases (Past tense 1)

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In Swedish, the past tense is used to talk about actions or events that have already happened in the past. The past tense is formed differently for regular and irregular verbs.

  1. Regular Verbs:
    • For regular verbs, the past tense is formed by adding the suffix “-de” or “-te” to the verb stem, depending on the verb’s ending. The choice between “-de” and “-te” depends on the verb’s conjugation class.
    • Here are some examples:
      • Infinitive: “spela” (to play)
        • Jag spelade fotboll igår. (I played soccer yesterday.)
      • Infinitive: “läsa” (to read)
        • Hon läste en bok förra veckan. (She read a book last week.)
      • Infinitive: “gå” (to walk)
        • Vi gick på en lång promenad i parken. (We went for a long walk in the park.)
  2. Irregular Verbs:
    • Irregular verbs have a different past tense form that needs to be learned individually as they don’t follow a specific pattern.
    • Here are some examples:
      • Infinitive: “vara” (to be)
        • Jag var på stranden igår. (I was at the beach yesterday.)
      • Infinitive: “göra” (to do)
        • Han gjorde ett bra jobb. (He did a good job.)
      • Infinitive: “säga” (to say)
        • Hon sa att hon skulle komma imorgon. (She said she would come tomorrow.)
  3. Supine:

    • The supine form is used with some verbs, including modal verbs and the verbs “ha” (to have) and “vara” (to be), to indicate a completed action or event.
    • Here are some examples:
      • Infinitive: “äta” (to eat)
        • Jag har redan ätit middag. (I have already eaten dinner.)
      • Infinitive: “gå” (to go)
        • Vi hade gått hem när regnet började. (We had gone home when it started raining.)
      • Infinitive: “se” (to see)
        • Han hade sett filmen tidigare. (He had seen the movie before.)

It’s important to note that Swedish has a variety of irregular verbs, so it’s useful to familiarize yourself with their past tense forms through practice and exposure.

Remember, word order in a Swedish sentence remains the same in the past tense as in the present tense, with the subject typically preceding the verb.

I hope this lesson helps you understand the past tense in Swedish! Let me know if you have any further questions .