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(Prepositions and Directions) Norwegian Grammar

Structure
Norwegian Grammar

This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Norwegian like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, Contact us from the page Norwegian Classes.

Prepositions

Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use “to”, “with”, “from”, “after” you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.

Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Norwegian, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Prepositions List in Norwegian

Prepositions Norwegian Audio
In front of foran
Behind bak
Before før
After etter
Inside inne
With med
Without uten
Outside utenfor
On top of på toppen av
Under under
About (in regards to) om
Against mot
And og
As (similar to) som
Between mellom
But men
For for
From fra
In i
Instead of i stedet for
Near i nærheten
Of av
Or Eller
Since siden
So
To til
Until til

Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Norwegian sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Norwegian Prepositions in a Sentence

English Norwegian Audio
Can I practice Italian with you? Can jeg øve italiensk med deg?
I speak French but with an accent Jeg snakker fransk, men med en aksent
I was born in Miami Jeg ble født i Miami
I’m from Japan Jeg er fra Japan
The letter is inside the book Bokstavene er inni boken
The pen is under the desk Pennen er under pulten
Directions
Can I help you? Kan jeg hjelpe deg?

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Norwegian contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Directions

Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.

Giving Directions in Norwegian

Directions Norwegian Audio
Can you help me? Kan du hjelpe meg?
Can you show me? Kan du vise meg?
Come with me! Bli med meg!
Downtown (city center) Sentrum
Excuse me! (to ask someone) Unnskyld meg!
Go straight Gå rett frem
How can I get to the museum? Hvordan kan jeg komme meg til museumet?
How long does it take to get there? Hvor lang tid tar det å komme seg dit?
I’m lost Jeg har gått meg bort
I’m not from here Jeg er ikke herfra
It’s far from here Det er langt herifra
It’s near here Det er nært her
One moment please! Ett øyeblikk, takk!
Turn left Gå til venstre
Turn right Gå til høyre
Far Langt borte
Here her
Left Venstre
Right Høyre
Near Nær
Straight Rett frem
There der
To drive Å kjøre
To turn Å snu
To walk Å gå
Traffic light Trafikklys
Transportation Transport

Donations

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Daily Conversation in Norwegian

Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Norwegian. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Norwegian Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Norwegian

English Norwegian Audio
Do you speak English? Snakker du engelsk?
Just a little Bare litt
What’s your name? Hva heter du?
My name is (John Doe) Jeg heter (John Doe)
Mr… / Mrs. … / Miss… Herr… / Fru… / Frøken
Nice to meet you! Hyggelig å treffe deg!
You’re very kind! Du er veldig snill!

Fun Facts

Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can’t talk to your parents? Maybe it’s because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..

Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Norwegian about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Norwegian Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Norwegian homepage.