Dutch Grammar ( Adjectives and Food)

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Dutch Vocabulary

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Dutch Grammar

This second lesson teaches many important aspect in Dutch like adjectives, vocabulary list about food and finally common phrases about greeting. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, Contact us from the page Dutch Classes.


Knowing adjectives in Dutch is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some key words such as “good”, “bad”, “right”, “wrong” etc. Adjectives are words used to describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence for example: I am happy. Dutch is easy.

Below is a list of 20 adjectives that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Dutch, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Adjectives List in Dutch

Adjectives Dutch Audio
Tall hoog / lang
Short kort
Big groot
Wide breed
Long lang
Small klein
Thick dik
Thin dun
New nieuw
Old (opposite of new) Vers
Cheap goedkoop
Expensive duur
Young jong
Old (opposite of young) Oud
Wrong verkeerd
Right (correct) correct
Good goed
Bad slecht
Difficult moeilijk
Easy gemakkelijk

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Dutch sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Dutch Adjectives in a Sentence

English Dutch Audio
Am I right or wrong? Ben ik goed of fout?
Is he younger or older than you? Is hij jonger of ouder dan jij?
Is the test easy or difficult? Is de test makkelijk of moeilijk?
Is this book new or old? Is dit een nieuw of oud boek?
This is so expensive Dit is erg duur


If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Dutch contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Food

Below is a list of 50 words related to food such as fruits, vegetables and edible items. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or off the menu in a restaurant without a problem.

Food List in Dutch

Food Dutch Audio
Breakfast ontbijt
Lunch lunch / middageten
Dinner diner / avondeten
Meal maaltijd
Apples appels
Avocados Avocado’s
Bananas Bananen
Beans Bonen
Bread brood
Butter boter
Carrots wortelen
Cheese kaas
Chicken kip
Coffee koffie
Corn Mais
Cucumbers Komkommers
Eggs Eieren
Figs Vijgen
Fish vis
Food voedsel
Fruit Fruit
Garlic Knoflook
Grapes Druiven
Ice cream ijs
Lemons Citroenen
Lettuce Sla
Meat vlees
Milk melk
Olives Olijven
Onions uien
Orange juice sinaasappelsap
Oranges sinaasappels
Peaches Perziken
Pears Peren
Peppers Pepers
Pineapples Ananassen
Pizza Pizza
Potatoes aardappelen
Pumpkin Pompoen
Salad salade
Salt zout
Sandwich boterham
Soda (like Coke) Fris
Strawberries Aardbeien
Sugar suiker
Tea Thee
Tomatoes tomaten
Vegetables Groenten
Water Water
Watermelon Watermeloen


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Daily Conversation in Dutch

Finally, a list of sentences If you simply want to ask a question, please vocabulary used in this lesson plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Dutch Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Dutch

English Dutch Audio
Are you thirsty? Heb je dorst
I’m hungry Ik heb honger
Do you have a bottle of water? Heb je een fles water
Breakfast is ready Ontbijt is klaar
What kind of food do you like? Wat voor eten vind je lekker
I like cheese Ik hou van kaas
Bananas taste sweet Bananen smaken / proeven zoet
I don’t like cucumber Ik hou niet van komkommer
I like bananas Ik hou van bananen
Lemons taste sour Citroenen smaken / proeven zuur
This fruit is delicious Dit fruit is heerlijk
Vegetables are healthy Groenten zijn gezond
Hi! Hallo
Good morning! Goedemorgen
Good afternoon! Goedemiddag
Good evening! Goedenavond
Welcome! Welkom
How are you? (informal) Hoe gaat het met jou
How are you? (formal) Hoe gaat het met u
What’s up? (colloquial) Wat is er? (informele)
I’m fine, thank you! Het gaat goed, dankjewel
And you? (informal) En jij
And you? (formal) En met u?
Good Goed

Fun Facts

Language Quote that a palindrome is a word, phrase, number, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward or forward. Allowances may be made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers.

Congratulations! You finished your second lesson in Dutch about adjectives, and food. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Dutch Lesson 3. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Dutch homepage.

Dutch Lessons

Dutch Vocabulary

Dutch Phrases

Dutch Grammar