Dutch Grammar (Present Tense & Survival)

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This 13th lesson deals with the present tense in Dutch. In addition I included a vocabulary list about survival and emergencies. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, Contact us from the page Dutch Classes.


The present is one of the 3 tenses (past, present, and future) we will be discussing in the next 3 lessons. So it is recommended not to skip any of them because they are all related.

Below is a list of 15 sentences conjugated into the present tense. I focused on the examples you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Dutch, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Present Tense in Dutch

Present Dutch Audio
I see you Ik zie u
I write with a pen Ik schrijf met een pen
You love apples Je houdt van appels
You give money Je geeft geld
You play tennis Je speelt tennis
He reads a book Hij leest een boek
He understands me Hij begrijpt me
She has a cat Ze heeft een kat
She knows my friend Ze kent mijn vriend
We want to learn We willen leren
We think Spanish is easy We denken dat Spaans eenvoudig is
You (plural) work here Jullie (meervoud) werken hier
You (plural) speak French Jullie (meervoud) spreken Frans
They drive a car Ze rijden per Auto
They smile ze lachen


If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Dutch contact form on the header above.

Survival Expressions

Below is a list of 28 words related to survival expressions such as emergencies, and calling for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to communicate better when in distress or when providing help to someone else who is in need.

Survival Expressions in Dutch

Accident ongeval
Allergy Allergie
Ambulance ambulance
Asthma Astma
Danger gevaar
Doctor dokter
Headache hoofdpijn
Heart attack Hart aanval
Help me help me
Hospital ziekenhuis
Medicines medicijnen
Pharmacy apotheek
Poison vergif
Police politie
Stomach ache buikpijn
Stroke Beroerte


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Daily Conversation in Dutch

Finally, here are some common sentences to strengthen your conversation skills. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Dutch Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Dutch

Are you okay? gaat het?
Call a doctor! Bel een Arts
Call the ambulance! bel een ziekenwagen!
Call the police! bel de politie!
Calm down! Kalmeren
Fire! Vuur
I feel sick Ik ben ziek
It hurts here Het doet hier pijn
It’s urgent! Het is dringend
Stop! Halt
Thief! Dief!
Where is the closest pharmacy? waar is de dichtstbijzijnde apotheek?
You look beautiful! (to a woman) Je ziet er prachtig uit! (een vrouw)
You have a beautiful name Je hebt een mooie naam
This is my wife Dit is mijn vrouw
This is my husband Dit is mijn man

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝To have another language is to possess a second soul.❞ ‒Charlemagne

Congratulations! You finished your 13th lesson in Dutch about the present tense, and survival expressions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Dutch Lesson 14. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Dutch homepage.

Dutch Lessons

Dutch Vocabulary

Dutch Phrases

Dutch Grammar