Dutch Grammar (Past Tense & Colors)

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Dutch Grammar

This 14th lesson deals with the past tense in Dutch. In addition I included a vocabulary list about colors, as well as some basic phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, Contact us from the page Dutch Classes.


The past is one of the 3 tenses (present, past, and future) we will be discussing in the next 3 lessons. So it is recommended not to skip any of them because they are all related.

Below is a list of 15 sentences conjugated into the past tense. I focused on the examples you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Dutch, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Past Tense in Dutch

Past Dutch Audio
I saw you Ik zag je
I wrote with a pen Ik schreef met een pen
You loved apples Je hield van appels
You gave money Je gaf geld
You played tennis Je speelde tennis
He read (past tense) a book Hij las (verleden tijd) een boek
He understood me Hij begreep me
She had a cat Ze had een kat
She knew my friend Ze kende mijn vriend
We wanted to learn We wilden leren
We thought Spanish is easy We dachten dat Spaans eenvoudig was
You (plural) worked here Jullie (meervoud) werkten hier
You (plural) spoke French Jullie (meervoud) spraken Frans
They drove a car Ze bestuurde een Auto
They smiled Ze glimlachte


If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Dutch contact form on the header above.

List of Colors in Dutch

Below is a list of 18 words and expressions related to colors.

Colors in Dutch

Colors Dutch Audio
Black zwart
Blue blauw
Brown bruin
Colors Kleuren
Dark color Donkere kleur
Gray grijs
Green groen
Light color Lichte kleur
Orange oranje
Red rood
White wit
Yellow geel


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Daily Conversation in Dutch

Finally, here are some common sentences to strengthen your conversation skills. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Dutch Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Dutch

English Dutch Audio
Black is his favorite color Zwart is zijn lievelings kleur
I have black hair Ik heb zwart haar
Red is not his favorite color Rood is niet zijn lievelings kleur
She drives a yellow car Zij rijdt met een gele auto
The sky is blue De lucht is blauw
Your cat is white Jouw kat is wit
I enjoyed myself very much Ik heb erg van mezelf genoten
I agree with you Ik ben het met u eens
Are you sure? Ben je er zeker van?
Be careful! Opgepast!
Cheers! Proost!
Would you like to go for a walk? Wil je met mij wandelen?

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝To have another language is to possess a second soul.❞ ‒Charlemagne

Congratulations! You finished your 14th lesson in Dutch about the past tense, and a vocabulary list about colors. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Dutch Lesson 15. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Dutch homepage.

Dutch Lessons

Dutch Vocabulary

Dutch Phrases

Dutch Grammar