Danish Lesson 4 (Prepositions and Directions)

Danish Lessons

Danish Vocabulary

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Danish Grammar

This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Danish like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, Contact us from the page Danish Classes.


Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use “to”, “with”, “from”, “after” you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.

Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Danish, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Prepositions List in Danish

Prepositions Danish Audio
In front of foran
Behind bag
Before før
After efter
Inside inde, inden i
With med
Without uden
Outside udenfor
On top of ovenpå
Under under
About (in regards to) om
Against mod
And og
As (similar to) som
Between mellem
But men
For for
From fra
In i
Instead of i stedet for
Near nær
Of af
Or eller
Since siden
To til
Until indtil

Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Danish sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Danish Prepositions in a Sentence

English Danish Audio
Can I practice Italian with you? Kan jeg øve mig i italiensk med dig?
I speak French but with an accent Jeg taler fransk men med accent
I was born in Miami Jeg er født i Miami
I’m from Japan Jeg er fra Japan
The letter is inside the book Brevet er inden i bogen
The pen is under the desk Pennen er under skrivebordet
Can I help you? Må jeg hjælpe dig?


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Vocabulary List about Directions

Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.

Giving Directions in Danish

Directions Danish Audio
Can you help me? Kan du hjælpe mig?
Can you show me? Kan du vise mig?
Come with me! Kom med mig!
Downtown (city center) Centrum
Excuse me! (to ask someone) Undskyld!
Go straight Gå lige ud
How can I get to the museum? Hvordan kommer jeg til museet?
How long does it take to get there? Hvor lang tid tager det at komme derhen?
I’m lost Jeg er faret vild
I’m not from here Jeg kommer ikke herfra
It’s far from here Det er langt væk
It’s near here Det er i nærheden
One moment please! Lige et øjeblik!
Turn left Drej til venstre
Turn right Drej til højre
Far Langt væk (fjernt)
Here her
Left Venstre
Right Højre
Near Nær
Straight Lige ud
There der
To drive At køre
To turn At dreje
To walk At gå
Traffic light Trafiksignal
Transportation Transport


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Daily Conversation in Danish

Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Danish. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Danish Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Danish

English Danish Audio
Do you speak English? Taler du engelsk?
Just a little Kun en smule
What’s your name? Hvad hedder du?
My name is (John Doe) Jeg hedder ( x x )
Mr… / Mrs. … / Miss… Hr. / Fru / Frøken–
Nice to meet you! Det var rart at træffe dig!
You’re very kind! Du er meget venlig!

Fun Facts

Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can’t talk to your parents? Maybe it’s because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..

Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Danish about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Danish Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Danish homepage.

Danish Lessons

Danish Vocabulary

Danish Phrases

Danish Grammar